# FAQ: How To Read A Sessional Chart Aviation?

## What does yellow on a sectional chart mean?

Yellow areas indicate that, while flying at night, you will be able to easily identify the area as Richmond (or anywhere else) on a sectional chart.

## How do you read a TAF?

The date and time are formatted using two sets of four digits each with the first two digits representing the day of the month and the second two the 24-hour time in hours only (no minutes since TAFS are issued on the hour). The first set of digits is the start date/time and the second is the end date/time.

## How do you graph longitude and latitude?

In chart navigation, use the scales on the right or left side to find latitude. These scales are broken down into degrees, minutes and tenths of a minute, or degrees minutes and seconds. One degree of latitude equals sixty minutes; one minute of Latitude equals sixty seconds. 50″ / 6 = 0.8′ (rounded off).

## What is longitude and latitude in aviation?

Lines of latitude measure north-south position, with the equator at 0 degrees and the North Pole at 90 degrees North. Lines of longitude measure east-west position, with 0 degrees at Greenwich, England.

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## What is a sectional aeronautical chart?

Sectional Aeronautical Charts are the primary navigational reference medium used by the VFR pilot community. The aeronautical information on Sectional Charts includes visual and radio aids to navigation, airports, controlled airspace, restricted areas, obstructions, and related data.

## What are the big numbers on a sectional chart?

The Maximum Elevation Figure shows up on a sectional chart as a large number with a slightly smaller number next to it as illustrated in the image above with the red circle. These numbers have two digits dropped off of the end, so [ large ] 2 [small] 6 is 2,600 feet.

## How do you know if an airport has fuel on a sectional chart?

The current practice is to use tick marks around the airport symbol to indicate that fuel is available and the field attended Monday through Friday from 10h00 to 16h00, local time. Today, many airports have self-service fuel so there is no longer a need for an attendant to be present.

## How do I know if my MOA is active?

The best way to figure out if a MOA is active is to call Flight Service or Center. They can let you know if there is scheduled activity, or if there are aircraft actively operating in a MOA. How do you ask? Just call up Center or Flight Service on their frequency, and ask if the MOA you’re near is active. 6

## What does a blue airport symbol indicate?

A blue airport, indicates a tower within class G airspace. In the later case you comply with FAR 91.126 during the hours of operation.

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## What does VFR stand for?

Aircraft flying in the National Airspace System operate under two basic categories of flight: Visual Flight Rules ( VFR ) and Instrument Flight Rules (IFR).