- 1 Who is responsible for terrain clearance?
- 2 What is the purpose of Oroca?
- 3 What is minimum instrument altitude?
- 4 What is a diverse vector area?
- 5 How do pilots talk to ATC?
- 6 What is the clearance limit?
- 7 Is Oroca MSL or AGL?
- 8 What does MOCA mean in aviation?
- 9 What is the difference between Mora and Oroca?
- 10 Where is the minimum crossing altitude?
- 11 Where is the minimum IFR altitude?
- 12 Can you fly below the MEA?
- 13 What is a diverse departure?
- 14 What is DVA in aviation?
- 15 What is a radar departure?
Who is responsible for terrain clearance?
The pilot is responsible for obstacle or terrain clearance. 14 CFR Section 91.119, Minimum safe altitudes: General. Special VFR clearances are effective within Class B, Class C, Class D, and Class E surface areas only.
What is the purpose of Oroca?
An off-route obstruction clearance altitude ( OROCA ) is an off-route altitude that provides obstruction clearance with a 1,000-foot buffer in non- mountainous terrain areas and a 2,000-foot buffer in designated mountainous areas within the United States.
What is minimum instrument altitude?
minimum IFR altitude (MIA) The lowest IFR ( instrument flight rules) altitude established for use in a specific airspace. The minimum IFR altitude provides obstacle clearance but may or may not be within controlled airspace. Minimum altitudes are published on aeronautical charts.
What is a diverse vector area?
A Diverse Vector Area (DVA) is an area in which ATC may provide random radar vectors during an uninterrupted climb from the departure runway until above the MVA/MIA, established in accordance with the TERPS criteria for diverse departures.
How do pilots talk to ATC?
The most common form of communication in aviation, very high frequency (VHF) radio calls are what we use for around 95% of our communications with ATC. In simplified terms, the transmitting station sends a signal that travels in a straight line and is picked up by the receiving station.
What is the clearance limit?
Clearance Limits Formally, a clearance limit is the fix, point, or location to which an aircraft is cleared when issued an air traffic clearance. The clearance issued prior to departure normally authorizes flight to the airport of intended landing.
Is Oroca MSL or AGL?
Flight Planning When planning your flight remember that the MEF and OROCA are listed in msl and ceilings are in agl.
What does MOCA mean in aviation?
Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude ( MOCA ). The MOCA is the lowest published altitude in effect between radio fixes on VOR airways, off-airway routes, or route segments that meets obstacle clearance requirements for the entire route segment.
What is the difference between Mora and Oroca?
MORA (minimum off-route altitude). The OROCA (minimum off route obstruction clearance altitude) on the U.S. government’s IFR en route charts serves the same purpose, except clearances are 1,000 feet in non-mountainous areas and 2,000 feet in designated mountainous areas.
Where is the minimum crossing altitude?
The MCA is related with signal reception and obstacle clearance; this will be indicated by a flagged [X] on NOS and Jeppesen charts as an airway number and altitude. The pilot should climb to the MCA before reaching the intersection; in that way the MCA will not be violated.
Where is the minimum IFR altitude?
In a DMA, the minimum altitudes for IFR flight (explicitly defined in 14 CFR §91.177) must be 2,000 feet above the highest obstacle within a horizontal distance of 4 nautical miles from the course to be flown.
Can you fly below the MEA?
allow[s] IFR certified Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) equipped aircraft to be cleared below published Minimum En Route Altitudes ( MEA )… The notice explained that: For aircraft using VOR, VORTAC or TACAN for navigation, this [i.e., flying at the MOCA] applies only within 22 miles of that NAVAID.
What is a diverse departure?
Diverse departure procedures are used at airports where there’s no Obstacle Departure Procedure published and the terrain and other obstacles around the airport allow it. The diverse departure doesn’t extend infinitely in every direction around the airport.
What is DVA in aviation?
ATC may assume responsibility for obstacle clearance by vectoring the aircraft prior to reaching the minimum vectoring altitude by using a Diverse Vector Area ( DVA ). The DVA may be established below the Minimum Vectoring Altitude (MVA) or Minimum IFR Altitude (MIA) in a radar environment at the request of Air Traffic.
What is a radar departure?
Radar Departures A radar departure is another option for departing an airport on an IFR flight. You might receive a radar departure if the airport does not have an established departure procedure, if you are unable to comply with a departure procedure, or if you request “No SIDs” as a part of your flight plan.