# How To Read An Aviation Map?

## What is an aviation map?

An aeronautical chart is a map designed to assist in navigation of aircraft, much as nautical charts do for watercraft, or a roadmap for drivers. Sectional charts typically cover a total area of about 340×340 miles, printed on both sides of the map. The scale is 1:500,000.

## What map do pilots use?

Aeronautical Maps Aeronautical charts are mainly designed to help pilots plan and fly a selected route, but they also contain features that are useful for other kinds of research. Aeronautical charts are typically topographic charts with flight information overlayed on top of them.

## How do you read a Metar?

The first two digits are the date, the 16th of the month, and the last four digits are the time of the METAR, which is always given in coordinated universal time (UTC), otherwise known as Zulu time. A “Z” is appended to the end of the time to denote that the time is given in Zulu time (UTC) as opposed to local time.

## How do you read Graticules?

Using the same calibrated eyepiece graticule to measure a cell: The width of the cell highlighted = 52 – 40 = 12 eyepiece graticule divisions. The real width of the cell is 12 × 4.9 μm = 59 μm (to two significant figures).

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## How do you read lat and long?

Latitude and longitude are broken into degrees, minutes, seconds and directions, starting with latitude. For instance, an area with coordinates marked 41° 56′ 54.3732” N, 87° 39′ 19.2024” W would be read as 41 degrees, 56 minutes, 54.3732 seconds north; 87 degrees, 39 minutes, 19.2024 seconds west.

## What is a VFR checkpoint?

Some points on sectional maps are flagged as ” VFR Checkpoints.” They are identified with a flag icon, along with the name of the checkpoint underlined. These checkpoints are prominent buildings or landmarks that can be visually easy to identify from the air.

## What is an ICAO chart?

ICAO Type A Charts have been prepared for selected airports used by operators of large aircraft and provide detailed information with regard to significant obstructions in the approach areas of runways. They are required for operational planning purposes.

## What is a Class E Airport?

Some Class E airspace begins at an MSL altitude depicted on the charts, instead of an AGL altitude. Class E airspace typically extends up to, but not including, 18,000 feet MSL (the lower limit of Class A airspace ). All airspace above FL 600 is Class E airspace. Uncontrolled Airspace.

## Do pilots sleep with flight attendants?

Next: It’s not uncommon for the pilots to sleep with the flight attendants (even if they’re married).

## Can pilots see at night?

The short answer is no. The blinking LED light visible from the ground actually serves a beacon to help other pilots spot the plane in the air. So, in the traditional sense at least, once the sun sets, pilots fly blind.

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## Do pilots use Google Maps?

All helicopter pilots as such use Google Earth and also military million maps and local maps to correlate roads. “ Google Earth is good for planning purposes but not for execution purposes because you won’t get connectivity when you are in air and they are inadequate for obstacle height information.