- 1 What is a POFZ?
- 2 When can you descend on an approach?
- 3 How are runways determined to be active?
- 4 What are STARs in aviation?
- 5 What is a precision obstacle free zone?
- 6 What is airport reference code?
- 7 Is an LDA with glideslope a precision approach?
- 8 What can you descend to with only the approach lights in sight?
- 9 Is WAAS a precision approach?
- 10 What does L and R mean on runways?
- 11 Is there a runway 36?
- 12 What direction do runways face?
- 13 What is the difference between center and approach?
- 14 Where are aviation Stars found?
- 15 What is a SID aviation?
What is a POFZ?
The POFZ is defined as a volume of airspace above an area beginning at the. runway threshold, at the threshold elevation, and centered on the extended. runway centerline, 200 feet long by 800 feet wide. Maintaining the POFZ clear. during low ceiling/low visibility conditions protects both the landing aircraft and.
When can you descend on an approach?
“Maintain 3000 until established on the localizer.” Or, “Cross FIXXX at or above 3000.” Once you meet those conditions, you ‘re safely in TERPS-designed territory and can descend on the approach profile.
How are runways determined to be active?
Any runway or runways currently being used for takeoff or landing. When multiple runways are used, they are all considered active runways. Since takeoffs and landings are usually done as close to “into the wind” (see headwind) as possible, wind direction generally determines the active runway.
What are STARs in aviation?
Standard Terminal Arrival ( STAR ) Procedures. A STAR is an ATC coded IFR arrival route established for application to arriving IFR aircraft destined for certain airports. STARs simplify clearance delivery procedures, and also facilitate transition between en route and instrument approach procedures.
What is a precision obstacle free zone?
The Precision Obstacle Free Zone (POFZ) is defined as a volume of airspace above an area beginning at the runway threshold, at the threshold elevation, and centered on the extended runway centerline, 200 feet (60m) long by 800 feet (240m) wide. An aircraft on final approach within two (2) miles of the runway threshold.
What is airport reference code?
The Airport Reference Code ( ARC ) is a coding system developed by the FAA to relate airport design criteria to the operational and physical characteristics of the airplane types that will operate at a particular airport.
Is an LDA with glideslope a precision approach?
An LDA approach (considered a non- precision approach ) may have one or more marker beacons, perhaps a DME, and in rare instances a glide slope, just as other precision approaches have, such as ILS approaches.
What can you descend to with only the approach lights in sight?
Making the Most of Approach Lights A favorite information morsel from instrument training is “being able to descend to 100 feet AGL when you can see only the approach lights.” That’s too bad, because it belittles a beautiful piece of information design by turning it into a tool for aviation trivia night.
Is WAAS a precision approach?
LNAV is a non- precision approach. It uses GPS and/or WAAS for lateral navigation, but with no vertical guidance. LNAV procedures achieve a minimum descent altitude of 400 feet above the runway. LNAV/VNAV is also a non- precision approach.
What does L and R mean on runways?
The ” L ” and ” R ” designate the relative position (left or right) of each runway respectively when approaching/facing its direction. A small number of airports have three parallel runways —the runway in the middle gets a “C” for center.
Is there a runway 36?
Runways are named by a number between 01 and 36, which is generally the magnetic azimuth of the runway’s heading in decadegrees. A runway numbered 09 points east (90°), runway 18 is south (180°), runway 27 points west (270°) and runway 36 points to the north (360° rather than 0°).
What direction do runways face?
Runway directions are largely chosen both for geographic land features of the site of the airport as well as the average local wind directions. As most winds blow from West to east in the continental United States, most runways will be oriented approximately in that direction.
What is the difference between center and approach?
General rule: Tower when you can see the airport, approach when you’re getting close to / departing from the airport, and center once you’re up high. If an airport has a clearance frequency in the Chart Supplement or on ATIS, talk to them first, otherwise, ground. Then tower.
Where are aviation Stars found?
Description. A STAR is a flight route defined and published by the air navigation service provider that usually covers the phase of a flight that lies between the last point of the route filed in the flight plan and the first point of the approach to the airport, normally the initial approach fix (IAF).
What is a SID aviation?
A Standard Instrument Departure Route ( SID ) is a standard ATS route identified in an instrument departure procedure by which aircraft should proceed from take-off phase to the en-route phase.