# Question: How To Read Aviation Plot Models?

## How do you read a surface model?

On the top right corner of the model for a surface weather map is the pressure, showing the last two integer digits of the pressure in millibars, or hectopascals, along with the first decimal. For instance, if the pressure at a certain location is 999.7 hPa, the pressure portion of the station model will read 997.

## How do you read aviation wind charts?

The dot end of the staff is where the wind is blowing to, while the top of the staff shows the direction from which the wind is coming. The top row of wind barbs in the figure to the right all indicate a north wind. The dot is to the south and the top of the wind barb staff is to the north.

## How do you read upper wind temperature chart?

They follow the format ddfftt, where dd is the wind direction (true), ff is the wind speed (in knots) and tt is the temperature (in degrees Celsius). Subtracting 100 knots from the speed and adding 50 to the direction indicate wind speeds from 100 to 199 knots. For example, 240 degrees @ 130 knots is coded 7430.

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## What does a red wind barb mean?

The stick points in the direction the winds are coming from. Each full barb represents 10 knots of wind. Each half barb represents 5 knots. Red represents wind gusts. In this case, you have winds from the SSW at 25 knots with gusts to 30 knots.

## How do you read a station model symbol?

• A weather symbol is plotted if at the time of observation, there is either precipitation occurring or a condition causing reduced visibility.
• Wind is plotted in increments of 5 knots (kts), with the outer end of the symbol pointing toward the direction from which the wind is blowing.

## What is the symbol for wind?

Observed Winds: represented by wind barbs. The symbol highlighted in yellow (in the diagram above) is known as a ” Wind Barb”. The wind barb indicates the wind direction and wind speed. Wind barbs point in the direction “from” which the wind is blowing.

## How do you read a TAF file?

The date and time are formatted using two sets of four digits each with the first two digits representing the day of the month and the second two the 24-hour time in hours only (no minutes since TAFS are issued on the hour). The first set of digits is the start date/time and the second is the end date/time.

## What symbol is used to indicate calm winds?

Calm wind is indicated by a large circle drawn around the skycover symbol. One long barb is used to indicate each 10 knots with the short barb representing 5 knots. At 50 knots, the barbs changes to a pennant. For wind speeds higher than 50 knots, long and short barbs are used again in combination with the pennant(s).

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## How do I read a Metar file?

The first two digits are the date, the 16th of the month, and the last four digits are the time of the METAR, which is always given in coordinated universal time (UTC), otherwise known as Zulu time. A āZā is appended to the end of the time to denote that the time is given in Zulu time (UTC) as opposed to local time.

## How do you read wind forecast?

Wind direction is reported by the direction from which it originates. For example, a north or northerly wind blows from the north to the south. Wind direction is usually reported in cardinal (or compass) direction, or in degrees.

## How do you read AWC winds aloft?

If the wind speed is forecast to be from 100 to 199 kt., the forecaster will add 50 to the wind direction and subtract 100 from the wind speed. To decode, you must subtract 50 from the wind direction and add 100 to the wind speed. a. In the STL forecast, the coded group at 39,000 ft. is 731960.

## What is the symbol for wind on a weather map?

Wind Symbols Wind speeds indicated by a white circle with an arrow at the top pointing in the wind direction. The arrow is always relative to true North.