Readers ask: When To Call Inbound Aviation?

When should you contact an approach?

A contact approach will only be issued if the aircraft is operating clear of clouds with at least 1-mile of flight visibility, with a reasonable expectation of continuing to the destination airport under those conditions.

When should you slow for holding?

When an aircraft is 3 minutes or less from a clearance limit and a clearance beyond the fix has not been received, the pilot is expected to start a speed reduction so that the aircraft will cross the fix, initially, at or below the maximum holding airspeed.

What to say to ATC when taking off?

Phrases tower controllers say:

  1. “Line up and wait” (taxi onto the runway and wait for a takeoff clearance)
  2. “Cleared to cross runway two seven” (taxi across runway 27)
  3. “Fly heading two three zero, Runway two seven Left, Cleared for takeoff” (After takeoff, fly a magnetic heading of 230º.

Do you contact approach or towers first?

You must contact the facility providing air traffic services. In the surface area, that’s one of the two towers, not Approach. Same deal crossing SFO Class B. You contact SFO Tower if below 2000, Approach if above.

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What are the 3 different types of holding patterns?

There are three types of standard holding entries: direct, parallel, and teardrop. They’re simple procedures to help you establish your aircraft in the hold.

What is the maximum holding speed?

International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) maximum holding speeds are as follows: Holding altitude 14000′ or below – 230 KIAS. Holding altitude above 14000′ to 20000′ – 240 KIAS. Holding altitude above 20000′ to 34000′ – 265 KIAS.

Why are holding patterns right turns?

Since standard traffic patterns for fixed wing aircraft are left, that would make the holds to the right. “Many holding patterns are executed in VFR conditions, which means that those in a holding pattern could encounter opposite direction VFR traffic that might be climbing or descending through the holding altitude.

Why do pilots say Niner?

Aviators often speak “ pilot English” to avoid miscommunications over radio transmission. “Tree” for instance, means three, “fife” is the number five and “ niner ” means nine, says Tom Zecha, a manager at AOPA. The variations stemmed from a desire to avoid confusion between similar-sounding numbers, he says.

What do pilots say before landing?

Thank you.” To indicate the landing clearance or final approach, the Captain will either make the following announcement and/or blink the No Smoking sign. “Flight attendants, prepare for landing please.” “Cabin crew, please take your seats for landing.”

Why do pilots say heavy?

When a pilot uses the phrase “ heavy,” he is reminding ATC that his aircraft is large and requires more separation between it and the aircraft following.

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Why do ATC talk so fast?

Pilots talk fast because controllers listen fast. It’s mostly the same thing, same phraseology spit out day after day. If it’s something non-standard the speech rates go down, as do listening rates. 90% of communications are rote chunks that are scripted (there’s phraseology for it.)

How do I talk to ATC Vatsim?

You simply tune in to 122.800 (unicom) and just say your actions there. Area Control ATC; This ATC is in charge of a sector, for example London Control has i think 5 sectors, North,East,South,West and Central.

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